The Ancient walls of Oristano, between XI and XIII, identified the perimeter of the city of Oristano at the urban and defensive level, thanks to the work sought and studied by Judge Mariano II.
The ancient walls of Oristano consisted of 2 main doors and 2 secondary doors. The most important main door is without doubt the Porta Manna or Porta Ponti, whose entrance was defended by the best-known San Cristoforo Tower, while the second of the main gates was the Porta Mari, built in the current mannu square and a significant point of Entry to the city for freight exchange and landing from the sea (the door was projected towards Othoca, present Santa Giusta city).
The other two doors, secondary but no less important, were Portixedda, which controlled the traffic and entrances eastwards to the city (today the present Via Mazzini), and the piston of Sant’Antonio, controlled by the countryside between the river Tirso and the sea.
The city inside the walls was divided into neighborhoods that were:
– Porta Ponti;
– Porta Mari;
– Sa ruga noa;
– Santa Chiara
The remaining areas outside the walls, the so-called villages were:
– Brugu de sos Scarahjoni;
– Brugu di Santu Lazaru;
– Suburbiolum Noni;
– Brugu de su putzu de su castellano / de sa Maddalena;
– Brugu de sos Coniolargios;
Unfortunately, due to the wars and the uncontrolled urban reconstructions of the years, most of the walls of Oristano have almost been erased or concealed, visible only in the central Via Cagliari at the corner of Via Sant’Antonio.
Here the map to the Ancient Walls of Oristano: